# Life Sciences

Mathematics, whose traditional applications were in physical sciences and engineering, is increasingly present in the research of phenomena related to living organisms, their environment and the complex interaction between them. The complexity of living systems poses new challenges for mathematics, requiring the design of new methodologies to account for lack of detailed information about the systems, the multitude of simultaneous channels of exchange of information and the multi-scale and multi-physics nature of the phenomena. Ultimately, mathematics is being used to try to understand the emergence of life and mind. As the demands of life sciences are rapidly reshaping the traditional applied mathematics, new exciting trends in the research keep appearing.

The faculty’s research interests cover a wide range of topics, including complex adaptive biological systems, perinatal development of respiratory rhythms, signal transduction pathways (for gradient sensing chemotaxis and pattern formation), the development of the nervous system: modeling cellular level metabolism; connection of metabolic processes with medical imaging; infectious disease modeling (immunology, ecology of transmission, disease control, ployparasitism, drug resistance and genotyping techniques for monitoring drug-resistant mutants).

Methodologically, the mathematical research in biosciences is very wide, requiring skills from various areas such as differential equations, probability and statistics, dynamical systems and scientific computing.

### Faculty

Daniela Calvetti

David Gurarie

Erkki Somersalo

Peter Thomas